M4 East EIS Volume 2D App J Human Health

M4 East EIS Volume 2D App J Human Health (pdf)

Contents Pages
Glossary of terms and abbreviations iii
Executive summary vii
1 Introduction 1-1
1.1 Overview of the project 1-1
1.2 Project location 1-3
1.3 Secretary’s Environmental Assessment Requirements 1-4
1.4 Purpose of this report 1-5
2 Proposed project 2-1
2.1 Project features 2-1
2.2 Construction activities 2-6
3 Assessment methodology 3-1
3.1 What is a risk assessment? 3-1
3.2 Overall approach 3-1
4 Community profile 4-1
4.1 General 4-1
4.2 Surrounding area and population 4-2
4.3 Sensitive receivers 4-2
4.4 Population profile 4-5
4.5 Existing health of population 4-8
4.6 Uncertainties 4-13
5 Community concerns 5-1
6 Assessment of air quality impacts on local community 6-3
6.1 General 6-3
6.2 Existing air quality 6-3
6.3 Overview of air quality impact assessment 6-5
6.4 Assessment scenarios 6-8
6.5 Vehicle emissions 6-9
6.6 Assessment of volatile organic compounds and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons 6-9
6.7 Assessment of carbon monoxide 6-17
6.8 Assessment of nitrogen dioxide 6-18
6.9 Assessment of particulate matter 6-25
6.10 Assessment of regulatory worst-case scenarios 6-8
6.11 Uncertainties 6-11
7 Assessment of in-tunnel air quality 7-1
7.1 General 7-1
7.2 Carbon monoxide 7-2
7.3 Nitrogen dioxide 7-3
7.4 Particulate matter 7-4
7.5 Overall assessment 7-6
8 Assessment of noise and vibration impacts on health 8-1
8.1 General 8-1
8.2 Existing noise environment 8-5
8.3 Background noise levels 8-5
8.4 Noise assessment criteria 8-5
8.5 Overview of noise and vibration assessment 8-8
8.6 Health outcomes relevant to noise 8-24
9 Assessment of social impacts on health 9-1
9.1 General 9-1
9.2 Changes in traffic 9-1
9.3 Changes in air quality 9-2
9.4 Changes in noise 9-3
9.5 Changes in community 9-4
9.6 Overall assessment 9-5
10 Conclusions 10-1
11 References 11-1
Appendix A Approach to risk assessment using exposure-response relationships A
Appendix B Approach to assessment of diesel particulate matter B
Appendix C Acceptable risk levels C
Appendix D Risk calculations: change in nitrogen dioxide concentrations D
Appendix E Risk calculations: change in PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations E
Appendix F Calculations: change in population incidence for change in PM2.5 concentrations in community F
Appendix G Risk calculations: change in PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations for cumulative scenario G G
Appendix H Risk calculations: regulatory worst-case H